The Red Giant, 24 x 33 x 18 m, is clearly visible from afar, being placed in the center of the square at a height of 7 m above ground level, the highest point of the building is thus 25 m above the ground. The agora covers an area of 5400 square meters; under the 450-seat theater there is a multipurpose covered space of 1500 square meters with its accesses on the street.
The sculpture consists of a supporting structure in tubular steel to which photovoltaic glass surfaces are applied. The composition of faceted volumes offers a changing rhythm of transparencies and reflections, casting colored shadows.
The technical study took into account the climatic and geographical conditions of the place and the orientation of the sculpture to generate the calculation of energy generated by solar radiation.
The type of photovoltaic glass used provides a peak power that reaches values up to 42 kWp; the average of the area affected by the incidence of sunlight during the day is 1500 square meters. Red Giant was positioned so as not to be affected by the shadow of the surrounding buildings; for the particular geometry of the arrangement of the panels, the capacity factor used is 40%. Below is the calculation of the annual energy generated by the sculpture: 42 kWp x 8.760 h x 40% = 147,168 Mwh – CO2 emissions avoided: 63,573 – Annual Energy Generation: 147 Kwh.
The geometry of the surfaces allows to expand the area affected by the sun’s rays. In addition, photovoltaic glasses are able to acquire energy, not only from direct light, but also from indirect light coming from its bounce on the shapes of the structure and the surrounding environment.
A small part of the energy produced would be used to illuminate the sculpture at night. The Red Giant is equipped with low-consumption LED lighting tubes placed along the internal structure of the installation.
The design team is made up of Alessandro Pongan, artist and designer, by the designers Marco Denni and Emiliano Pongan who took care of scientific research and technical report and Alberto Magni for renderings.
Design: Alessandro Pongan
Project Location: Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Typology: Land art, sculpture
Design year: 2019
Collaborators: Marco Denni, Emiliano Pongan, Alberto Magni
In 1988 Alessandro Pongan founded the studio Officina Design in Milan, which still operates today. In 1993 – 1994 he spent long periods in Athens as an art director and set designer of television programs for Ant1, a private national broadcasting network. Thanks to these professional experiences, he was able to deeply explore the fields of graphic design, television, set design, computer animation, video production, web communications and installations, always making the force of design the central feature of his work. His imagery is clear, confident, pithy and filmic. Latin passion combined with Nordic rationalism.