In collaboration with the Municipality of Amsterdam, DELVA devised an urban plan for Strandeiland (the second phase of IJburg which will accommodate 8000 homes in the middle of the IJ river), and further elaborated the dynamics of the inland waterways of Strandeiland, “Het Oog” (The Eye). The new innovative city park reaches the impressive surface of 22 hectares.
Het Oog is a large inland waterway, situated on top of the historic primeval channel of the IJ. The inland water forms the link between the two neighborhoods that make up Strandeiland. The distinctive identities of the Pampusbuurt (formal and urban) and Muiderbuurt (informal and natural) are reflected in the rich variety of landscape typologies that will work together to form the structure of the underwater landscape park. Het Oog is added to the rich palette of landscapes that Strandeiland houses. It is a place of residence, meeting and activity for local residents but is also comprised of diverse ecosystems, a natural purification system and a distinct urban environment. Thus, Het Oog forms a solid ecological stepping stone between the IJmeer and the Diemerpolder.
In addition, the inland water is not naturally formed and is completely manmade. The identity of the park is derived from the inland water which serves the city and provides ecosystem services such as: improving water quality, ecology and recreation. Het Oog facilitates a particularly diverse water-related program in which the hard quay on the north side contrasts sharply with the soft bank on the south side. The southern side is being developed as a wide and varied natural bank where the maximum emphasis is placed on the following three themes.
Water quality: natural purification of the rainwater
About half of the rainwater on Strandeiland is discharged via wadis and infiltration sewers into the inland water. This water contains a considerable amount of phosphorus and nitrates. Together, with the municipality of Amsterdam and Sweco, DELVA developed a toolbox to permanently guarantee improved and safe water quality levels. One strategy includes planting a large area of reed beds to inject additional levels of oxygen into the water. Another strategy involves lowering the water level of the park so that the riverbed is exposed to sunlight which enables a rich variety of aquatic plants to thrive and assist in purifying the water in a natural way. By using artificial islands, wetlands and irregular landforms in the design, the bank length is drastically increased and assists in providing additional areas for the reed and underwater plants to flourish.
Water ecology: a maximum variety of fauna and flora
The Eye is not only created for people, but also for plants and animals. Strandeiland contains a rich arsenal of environments for fauna and flora such as: drier areas on land (bushes, grasslands, shrubs, flower meadows etc.), semi-wet environments such as banks for semi-submerged plants (reed beds, marsh plants etc.) and underwater environments (aquatic plants etc.). Large zones programmed with low-intensity recreation are created to allocate space habitats for insects, small mammals, amphibians and birds among the rich variety of landscapes.
Water recreation: functions within a path structure
The path structure forms the beating heart of the underwater landscape park. A broad spine runs along the entire expanse of the park and branches into narrower (and sometimes adventurous) side pathways that always offer different experiences. The paths ensure that residents of Strandeiland can permanently discover new places in the park or can escape the bustling city life for a while. The design language consists of short straight paths, but sometimes they are placed at an angle, thus creating a new perspective in which visitors can immerse themselves. Rest areas, seating and play elements provide space for water-related recreation and are all integrated within the same design language.
Atmospheres within the plan
Quiet, natural zones alternate with lively and urban recreation areas on and around the underwater landscape. The parks (the green strips) in the Muiderbuurt- area are visually extended into the water. This location hosts the two largest recreation zones of the park, comprised of sunbathing areas, swimming facilities, jetties and adventure islands. At the beginning, middle and end of the park, many more natural zones can be discovered and recreational activities can vary from walking, resting, swimming and enjoying the surroundings.
The sketch design for Het Oog is an elaboration of a part of the Manual Public Space Strandeiland and serves as the basis for the further development of the plan. Strandeiland is being developed in two phases, and currently the land mass of the first phase is already above water. The development is expected to be completed in 2040, and will then be home to 20,000 Amsterdammers living on the IJmeer.
Project Location: Strandeiland, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Typology: Water landscape with space for recreation, nature and water purification
Year: 2020-2040 (programmed completion)
Team: DELVA , Municipality of Amsterdam, Sweco
Design team: Steven Delva, Emiel Swinnen, Thomas Wolfs, Ranee Leung, Sumanth Subbarao
Client: Municipality of Amsterdam
Surface under water: 22 ha
Status: Sketch design
Visualization: © DELVA, WAX
DELVA was founded in 2008 and has grown into an industry-leading studio with a team of professionals in the heart of Amsterdam. A team always committed to giving meaning to the new function of the landscape and enhancing its experience. DELVA is led by founder Steven Delva, currently together with Sander van den Bosch, Jeroen Jacobs and Emiel Swinnen. Based in Amsterdam, the team of landscape architects, urban planners, designers and cultural experts work on key current challenges such as sustainable urbanization, the development of nature and the changing meaning of public space. Central is the multidisciplinary approach, characterized by co-creation and collaboration.